How Can Exercise And Physical Therapy Help After Spinal Fusion?



benefits of water therapy for your backSpinal fusion is a corrective procedure for patients suffering from spinal ailments. In this procedure the bones of the spine are fused together. This procedure is usually carried out on those who are suffering from degenerative conditions of the spine. After the surgery, you are required to undergo physical therapy sessions in order to rehabilitate as well as flex the muscles. However many fear that by indulging in physical therapy after a spinal fusion, they will cause further damage to their spine. In fact, the muscles and nerves around the spine become stiff when there is little or no use. Physical therapy promotes blood supply and facilitates in healing while further gaining elasticity of the tissues.

Walking

One of the best and most ideal forms of exercise is walking. Patients are encouraged to walk as soon as possible after their surgery to prevent complications that occur due to immobility. Walking is harmless and in fact helps to keep the muscles supple. Working the muscle groups will aid in better blood supply. You can start by taking short walks, first at home, then in your back yard and then finally outdoors. As you build your stamina, you can increase the distance and intensity of your walks. Alternatively, you can choose to walk in water as it helps to strengthen the back muscles better. Another spine strengthening exercise is to walk forward and then backwards. But this has to be done carefully as you do not want to trip and fall as you walk backwards. As always, consult your doctor before you start any new activity.

Stretching

In this exercise you must first lie down on your back and stretch your legs straight in front of you. Now lift your legs slowly, alternating between each leg. Continue doing this until you feel any strain in your back. This exercise again helps to loosen up the muscles and makes the blood flow freely.

Core Stabilization

Core stabilization is a water exercise where you have to immerse yourself in water until your shoulder and face are above the water level. Then you have to press your body to the wall of the pool and bend your knees into a sitting position. Tighten your stomach muscles, keep your foot flat on the pool floor and lean against the wall. This kind of exercise is also known as wall sit. You can start by pressing your hands to the wall initially to get better support, however as you get better at the exercise, bring the arms forward and clasp them together during the wall sit.

Pelvic Tilt

This is an easy routine where you lie down on the floor and bend your knees. Now, gradually tilt your pelvis upwards and then downwards towards the floor. Repeat as much you can at a single session. This exercise helps to restore spine stability.

Elbow Plank

Lie down on the floor, on your stomach, legs straight and together. Now bend your elbows at right angles to the floor. Hold your palms together or make a fist with both hands. Hold this position for at least 10 to 20 seconds. Depending on your health, you will be able to determine how long you can hold the plank and how many repetitions you can do. Make sure that the hips are aligned with spine.

All these exercise will help you to strengthen your spine after spinal fusion. It will also help you to cope with any pain after the surgery and make your muscles and joints flexible. But you have to remember to first consult your doctor before you start any exercise as your doctor will know what is best for your condition.

Author Bio: Michelle Tyler is an experienced healthcare writer loves writing informative articles that inform patients about the effectiveness of physical therapy. An experienced prolific writer, Michelle makes sure that the complex medical jargon is conveyed in a manner which is easy to understand.

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